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9月9日托福考情回顾-托福写作

2020-09-15 14:57:01浏览量:195考试分类:托福

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Writing Independent Task写作独立题

[Question]

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The more money people have, the more they should give away to charity.

 

[Response]

One of the greatest problems of our society today is the widening gap between the rich and the poor. There are some who argue that one way to alleviate global poverty is for rich people to give more money to charity. However, others argue that it should be people’s own business what they do with their money, and that rich people should not be obligated to donate more to charity. As for me, I strongly agree that the more money people have, the more they should give away to charity.

First of all, wealthy people have a moral obligation to give away more money to charity. Impoverished people all over the world are in dire need of financial assistance. Billions of people around the world live in extreme poverty, and every day, many die from starvation or from diseases they cannot afford medication for. Moreover, there are barriers in society that leave many of these people without any voice or representation. Their quality of life is in stark contrast to the ultra-wealthy, who can fly in private jets, own luxury real estate, and send their children to expensive private schools. Donating more money to charity would hardly affect the quality of affluent people’s lives, yet it would make a life-altering difference to poor people.

Secondly, wealthy people donating to charity sets a good example for others, including their friends and families or those who are in the same privileged class. For instance, many famous celebrities have donated significant amounts of money to poverty and natural disaster relief around the world. These donations were highly appreciated, enhanced their public reputations, and inspired others to pay closer attention to these incidents or even donate some money. In contrast, if a rich person refuses to contribute anything to charity or gives only a meager amount, then that may reinforce the narrative that people are ultimately self-centered and indifferent, and it may cause other rich people to care only about themselves as well.

In conclusion, I strongly believe that people who have more money should donate more to charity, since people in poverty need financial assistance and it can motivate others to do the same.

【范文分析】

高分词组

to alleviate global poverty                         减轻全球贫困alleviate poverty 脱贫)

moral obligation                                   道义上的责任,道德责任

in dire need of                                          急需

to give only a meager amount               只给很少的一部分

indifferent                                             冷淡的,不关心的

natural disaster relief                                 自然灾害救援

to enhance their public reputations         提高他们的公共声誉 

实用句型

Their quality of life is in stark contrast to the ultra-wealthy, who can fly in private jets, own luxury real estate, and send their children to expensive private schools.

对于非限制性定语从句的运用是大家必须学会及运用的。这句句子里的who指代的不是某一个具体的人,而是指代很多超级富豪们,所以这里要用非限制性定语从句。

篇章结构

First of all, wealthy people have a moral obligation to give away more money to charity. Impoverished people all over the world are in dire need of financial assistance. Billions of people around the world live in extreme poverty, and every day, many die from starvation or from diseases they cannot afford medication for. Moreover, there are barriers in society that leave many of these people without any voice or representation. Their quality of life is in stark contrast to the ultra-wealthy, who can fly in private jets, own luxury real estate, and send their children to expensive private schools. Donating more money to charity would hardly affect the quality of affluent people’s lives, yet it would make a life-altering difference to poor people.

这段的观点是富人在道义上有义务把更多的钱捐给慈善事业。为了论证这点,首先要说清楚前提,也就是说那些真正赤贫的人需要顶级富豪们的帮助。在这种前提下,顶级富豪捐出来的钱也不会影响他们的生活,但却会彻底改变那些在水深火热中挣扎的人的生活。


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